BSc Physics (Honours) Course 2022: Syllabus and Subjects list

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BSc Physics Course Syllabus and Subjects

BSc Physics Course Details

Main Key Points

Course NameBachelor of Science in Physics
Eligibility Criteria12th Science
Admission ProcessDirect / Merit Based / Entrance Exam
Course Duration3 years ( 6 Semesters )
Course Fees20K – 1 Lakh per annum
Salary2.4 Lakhs – 6 Lakhs per annum
Exam TypeSemester Wise
Job ProfileTechnician, Physicist, Research Associate, Radiologist Assistant, Physics Lecturer, Lab Technician, Assistant Professor, Research Scientist, etc.
Higher StudyMSc Physics, MBA, B.Ed

What is BSc Physics Course?

BSc in Physics is 3 years ( 6 semesters ) undergraduate course after the 12th science focuses on quantitative and qualitative skills to the students to solve problems in physics.

It is the study of computational methods to solve problems in physics and provides an observational understanding of the subjects.

The students will get to learn about subjects like mathematical physics, mechanics, chemistry, Oscillations and Waves, Thermal Physics, Numerical Analysis, Quantum Mechanics, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Statistical Physics, Solid State Physics, Nuclear and Particle Physics, etc.

This course consists of both theoretical and practical for making students skilled.

During this course, the students are provided knowledge about newton’s laws of motion, fundamental laws of thermodynamics, working principle of CRO, Planck’s law, physics of semiconductor p-n junction and devices, Schrodinger equation, analysis for sound waves, and many more.

BSc Physics Subjects and Syllabus

1st Year

Semester 1Semester 2
Mathematical Physics-IMathematical Physics-II
MechanicsOscillations and Waves
ChemistryElectricity and Magnetism
Technical Writing & Communication in EnglishDigital Electronics
Physics Lab IPhysics Lab II
Chemistry LabDigital Electronics Practical

Semester 1

1. Mathematical Physics-I
  • Vector Calculus
  • Orthogonal Curvilinear Coordinates
  • Multiple Integrals
  • Some Special Integrals
  • Theory of Errors
  • Fourier Series
2. Mechanics
  • Fundamentals of Dynamics
  • Rotational Dynamics
  • Gravitation and Central Force Motion
  • Elasticity
  • Fluid Motion
  • Inertial and Non-Inertial Systems
  • The special theory of Relativity
3. Chemistry
  • Bonding: Covalent Bonding, Molecular Orbital Theory
  • Organization of Solids: Packing in Crystals, Weak Chemical Forces
  • Coordination Compounds and Inorganic Reaction Mechanisms
  • Properties of Coordination Complexes
  • Stereochemistry
  • Reaction Mechanism in Organic Chemistry
  • Functional Group Chemistry
  • Organic Reactions
  • Polymerization
4. Technical Writing & Communication in English
  • Communication: Language and communication, differences between speech and writing
  • Writing Skills: Selection of topic, thesis statement, developing the thesis
  • Technical Writing: Scientific and technical subjects, formal and informal writings

Semester 2

1. Mathematical Physics-II
  • Differential Equations
  • Linear Ordinary Differential Equations: First order, Second-order, Coupled Differential Equations
  • Calculus of Variations: Variational Calculus, Problems
2. Oscillations and Waves
  • Oscillations: SHM, Free Oscillations of Systems with One Degree of Freedom
  • Superposition of Two Collinear Harmonic Oscillations
  • Superposition of Two Perpendicular Harmonic Oscillations
  • The system with Two Degrees of Freedom
  • Free Oscillations, Damped Oscillations
  • Waves: Wave Motion, Velocity of Waves, Superposition of Two Harmonic Waves
3. Electricity and Magnetism
  • Electric Circuits: AC Circuits, Network theorems
  • Electric Field and Electric Potential: Electric Field, Electric Potential
  • Dielectric Properties of Matter: Dielectrics
  • Magnetic Field
  • Magnetic Properties of Matter
  • Electromagnetic induction
  • Ballistic Galvanometer
4. Digital Electronics
  • Introduction to CRO
  • Analog Circuits: Integrated Circuits, Operational Amplifiers, Applications of Op-Amps, Timers
  • Digital Circuits: Boolean algebra, Data processing circuits, Memories, Arithmetic Circuits, Sequential Circuits, Shift registers, Counters
  • D/A and A/D conversion
5. Physics Lab II
  • Compound Pendulums
  • Springs
  • Melde’s Experiment
  • Resistance
  • Ballistic Galvanometer
  • Capacitance
  • Self & Mutual Inductance
  • A.C. Circuits
6. Digital Electronics Practical
  • Combinational Logic
  • Decoders
  • Arithmetic and Logic Units (ALU)
  • Flip-Flops, Counters and Shift Registers
  • Analog/Digital Conversion
  • Op-Amp
  • Timer

2nd Year

Semester 3Semester 4
Mathematical Physics-IIIMathematical Physics-IV
Microprocessor and Computer ProgrammingOptics
Thermal PhysicsMathematics-II (Analysis and Statistics)
Mathematics-INumerical Analysis
Physics Lab IIIPhysics Lab IV
Microprocessors & Computer LabNumerical Analysis Lab

Semester 3

1. Mathematical Physics-III
  • Complex Variables
  • De-Moivre’s Theorem
  • Cauchy-Riemann Conditions
  • Second-Order Differential Equations and Special Functions
  • Series Solution of Linear Second Order Ordinary Differential Equations
  • Legendre, Hermite and Laguerre Polynomials
2. Microprocessor and Computer Programming
  • Hexadecimal Number System and Arithmetic
  • Intel 8085 Microprocessor Architecture: 8085 Instructions, Microprocessor Programming
  • C & C++ Programming Languages: Introduction to Programming, Data and Statements, I/O Statements, Preprocessor, Control Statements, Arrays and Structures, Functions, Idea of Classes, Objects and Inheritance, Idea of Strings and Pointers
3. Thermal Physics
  • Thermodynamics
  • Zeroth and First Law of Thermodynamics
  • Second Law of Thermodynamics
  • Entropy
  • Thermodynamic Potentials
  • Maxwell’s Thermodynamic Relations
  • Kinetic Theory of Gases: Distribution of Velocities, Molecular Collisions
  • Real gases: Behavior of Real Gases
4. Mathematics-I
  • Sequences of Real Numbers
  • Convergent
  • Cauchy
  • Monotonic and Bounded Sequences
  • Functions of a Real Variable
  • Schwarz and Young’s Theorems
  • Taylor’s Theorem
  • Maxima and Minima
  • Definition and Examples of Riemann Integral of a Bounded Function
5. Physics Lab III
  • Mechanical Equivalent of Heat
  • Thermal Conductivity
  • Resistance Temperature Devices
  • Thermocouples
6. Microprocessors & Computer Lab
  • Assembly Language Programming (using an 8-bit processor)
  • C & C++ Programming

Semester 4

1. Mathematical Physics-IV
  • Linear Vector Spaces: Abstract Systems, Binary Operations and Relations
  • Matrices
  • Eigen-values and Eigenvectors
  • Partial Differential Equations
  • General Solution of Wave Equation in 1 Dimension
  • Oscillations of Hanging Chain
  • Wave Equation in 2 and 3 Dimensions
2. Optics
  • Geometrical Optics: Fermat’s Principle, Lenses
  • Wave Optics: Nature of Light
  • Interference: Michelson’s Interferometer, Coherence
  • Diffraction: Fresnel diffraction
  • Fraunhofer diffraction
  • Holography
3. Mathematics-II (Analysis and Statistics)
  • Analysis: Sequences and Series of Functions of Real Variable
  • Weirstrass M-test, Weirstrass Approximation Theorem
  • Abel’s and Dirichlet’s Tests
  • Statistics: Random Variables
  • Discrete and Continuous Distribution
  • Statistical Inference
4. Numerical Analysis
  • Errors and Iterative Methods
  • Solution of Algebraic and Transcendental Equations
  • Matrices and Linear System of Equations
  • Interpolation
  • Curve Fitting, B-Splines and Approximation
  • Numerical Differentiation
  • Numerical Integration
  • Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations (ODE’s)
5. Physics Lab IV
  • Reflection, Refraction and Dispersion
  • Interference
  • Diffraction
6. Numerical Analysis Lab
  • Algebraic & Transcendental Equations
  • Linear Equations & Eigenvalue Problem
  • Interpolation
  • Curve Fitting, B-Splines & Approximation
  • Differentiation
  • Integration
  • Differential Equations

3rd Year

Semester 5Semester 6
Mathematical Physics-VElectromagnetic Theory
Quantum MechanicsStatistical Physics
Atomic and Molecular PhysicsSolid State Physics
Electronic DevicesNuclear and Particle Physics
Physics Lab VPhysics Lab VII
Physics Lab VIPhysics Lab-VIII

Semester 5

1. Mathematical Physics-V
  • Integral Transforms: Fourier Transforms (FTs), Laplace Transforms (LTs), Applications of Laplace Transforms
  • Dirac Delta Function
  • Cartesian Tensors: Invariant Tensors, Formulation of Analytical Solid Geometry, Stress and Strain Tensors
  • General Tensors: Quotient Law of Tensors, Christoffel Symbols of First and Second Kind and their Transformation Laws
2. Quantum Mechanics
  • Particles and Waves: Blackbody Radiation, Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle
  • Quantum Mechanics
  • Basic Postulates and Formalism
  • Applications of Schrödinger Wave Equation
  • Bound State Problems
  • Scattering Problems in One Dimension
3. Atomic and Molecular Physics
  • X-rays
  • Atoms in Electric and Magnetic Fields
  • Atoms in External Magnetic Fields
  • Many electron atoms
  • Molecular Spectra
  • Raman Effect
  • Lasers
4. Electronic Devices
  • Circuit Analysis: Kirchhoff’s Laws
  • Semiconductor Diodes
  • Two-terminal Devices and their Applications
  • Bipolar Junction transistors
  • Amplifiers
  • Coupled Amplifiers
  • Sinusoidal Oscillators
  • Non-Sinusoidal Oscillators
  • Three-terminal Devices (UJT and FETs)
  • Modulation and Demodulation
5. Physics Lab V
  • Determination of Fundamental Constants
  • Atomic & Molecular Physics
  • Miscellaneous
6. Physics Lab VI
  • Networks
  • Power supply
  • Transducers
  • Transistor Applications

Semester 6

1. Electromagnetic Theory
  • Maxwell’s Equations
  • Reflection and Refraction of Electromagnetic Waves
  • Polarization of Electromagnetic Waves
  • Rotatory Polarization
  • Wave Guides
  • Optical Fibres
2. Statistical Physics
  • Classical Statistics
  • Classical Theory of Radiation
  • Quantum Theory of Radiation
  • Bose-Einstein Statistics
  • Fermi-Dirac Statistics
3. Solid State Physics
  • Crystal Structure
  • Elementary Lattice Dynamics
  • Magnetic Properties of Matter
  • Dielectric Properties of Materials
  • Electrical Properties of Materials
  • Superconductivity
4. Nuclear and Particle Physics
  • Structure of nuclei
  • Radioactivity
  • α-decay
  • β-decay
  • γ-decay
  • Nuclear Reactions
  • Nuclear Models
  • Accelerators
  • Detectors of Nuclear Radiations
  • Cosmic Rays
  • Elementary Particles
5. Physics Lab VII
  • Polarization
  • Measurement of Magnetic Field and Related Parameters
  • Measurement in Solid State Physics
6. Physics Lab-VIII
  • Multivibrators and Sweep Circuits
  • Modulation
  • Operational Amplifier-based Experiments

Eligibility Criteria

12th class in science stream from a recognized board.

If you pass the 12th class in science you are eligible for a bachelor’s degree in Physics.

There are some colleges that want 50% marks and some colleges just want a pass class. And there are some colleges that have their own entrance exams.

Course Duration

3 Years ( 6 Semesters )

BSc Physics is a regular, and online 3 years course that includes 6 semesters.

Exam Type

Semester wise

Now almost every university takes exams on a semester basis.

There are 2 semesters in a year, each semester cover 50% syllabus of a year.

Therefore, according to the semester, there is only a 50% syllabus in the examination.

Admission Process

Direct / Merit Based / Entrance Exam

The admission process varies from university to university.

There are so many institutes that offer direct admission on basis of 12th marks obtained from a recognized board.

And there are many institutes that take an entrance exam and also conduct group discussions for admission.

Course Fees

It is the charge students paid for their tuition classes in educational institutes for their education purpose.

Course fees depend upon the institute so they charge as per their demand.

BSc in Physics course fees varies from college to college as follows.

INR 10K – 50K as per institute or state ( Government )

INR 20K – 1 Lakh as per institute or state ( Private )

The bigger the reputed college, the higher the fees they charge.


The salary depends upon the organization and what knowledge you have and it increases as per your experience, knowledge, performance, and skills.

As a fresher, you can expect 2.4 Lakhs – 6 Lakhs per annum

Why should I Join BSc Physics ( Benefits )

  • It is a less expensive course.
  • You can become a Teacher, Technician, Physicist, Research Associate, Radiologist Assistant, Physics Lecturer, Lab Technician, Assistant Professor, Research Scientist, etc.
  • You get a lot of versatile career options, in which you get a chance to work in different types of industries and dimensions like laboratories, motor companies, educational institutes, research institutes, drug companies, textile industries, energy production industries, etc.
  • Apart from the chemical area, you can do your work in the private sector, public-private sector, government sector, business sector, and industry in all these places.
  • Your foundation knowledge of physics will become excellent, and due to this, you will be able to crack highly reputed jobs.
  • You can get many career options and gets a chance to choose a diversified career option.

Objectives of BSc Physics

There can be many reasons to join the BSc Physics ( Bachelor of Science in Physics ) course such as just for graduation, increasing physics knowledge for a job, for further study, etc so it is an individual reason.

But the purpose to design the BSc Physics Course is

  • To provide conceptual physics knowledge to the students for their career opportunities.
  • To provide in-depth knowledge about various concepts and theoretical principles of disciplinary subjects.
  • To increase communication skills, problem-solving skills, disciplinary knowledge, research-related skills, critical thinking skills, analytical skills, teamwork skills, scientific skills, etc.
  • To prepare the students for employability as well as academia.
  • To be aware of the students of current and new technologies.
  • To provide everything theoretically as well as practical.

Required Skills

Creative and Innovative Skills

Creativity and innovative skills are the most important skills for BSc in Physics degree holders so that you can use these skills in teaching, writing content, researching, copywriting, journalism, etc.

These creative and innovative skills should have everyone not only BSc in Physics degree holders because it helps to grow in every sector to create business and research new things.

Subjects Knowledge

If you want to achieve go in the teaching area, want to study further, or want to go in field related industry then must have good knowledge in core subjects.

Students who want to score well in the exam then you should have good knowledge of all the subjects.

And core subjects knowledge is very useful in interviews, group discussions, campus placement, and getting a job.

Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Skills

Critical thinking and problem skills, these skills are very important for all students to grow in life.

Critical thinking helps you to make a decision at right time, bring new ideas to increase business and self-growth, find a solution, create opportunities for yourself, and many more.

And problem-solving skills help a lot grow your business, it also creates opportunities to grow yourself and your business, and you can become a great leader.

As a BSc in Physics student, you must have these skills.

Ability to work under Pressure

If you want to work in a company or any organization then you have to work under pressure from the boss so you should have the ability to work under pressure.

As a fresher, you have to work underboss or manager you have to remain calm in every situation and stay focused on work so this will help you a lot to grow yourself.

So if you want to do a job then prepare to work under pressure.

Teamwork and Collaboration Skills

After completing of BSc in Physics course you will go for the job in any company then you have to work with your team members so you must have teamwork and collaboration skills.

Sometimes a company works on a big project at that time all the employees work with each other so that time these skills prooves very useful.

So teamwork and collaboration skills are very important in a company or everywhere where two or more people work with each other.

As a BSc in Physics student, you must develop these skills.

Leadership Skills

Leadership skill is a very important skill for those who want to become a manager or a leader in a company or want to do their own business.

If you have leadership skills then you can make decisions easily, inspire people, motivate them, become honest, create a visionary, become a problem solver, a critical thinker, become judgemental, etc.

If you want to become a great leader then you must have this skill so that you can achieve the desired goal for yourself or a company.

Communication Skills

Communication skills are very important for everyone to do something big in life.

If you want to do a business, want to do a job, want to travel, or want to do anything communication skills play a vast role.

As a BSc in Physics student, you must have these communication skills so that you can achieve whatever you want, you can fulfill your desire by improving your communication skills.

Good communication increases confidence, builds team, makes better relationships, increases engagement and productivity, handles conflicts, increases job satisfaction, increases problem-solving ability, improves presentation skills, builds trust, etc.

Job Profile

TechnicianLab Technician
Physics LecturerResearch Scientist
Civil Service OfficerAcademic Counselor
Radiologist AssistantPhysicist
Subject Matter ExpertQuality Control Manager
Technical WriterResearch Associate

Big Companies that hire Physics Students

TATA MotorReliance Industries
ONGCSolar Industries India Ltd.

Employment Areas for Physics Students

Textile IndustriesAutomotive Industries
Educational InstitutesResearch Area
Service IndustriesEnvironment and Agriculture
Manufacturing and ProductionPublic Service and Administration

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Q1 – What is BSc Physics?

A – A BSc Physics is 3 year ( 6 semesters ) undergraduate course that focuses on quantitative and qualitative skills to the students to solve problems in physics.

Q2 – What are the subjects in BSc Physics 1st year?

A – Mathematical Physics-I, Mechanics, Chemistry, Technical Writing & Communication in English, Mathematical Physics-II, Oscillations and Waves, Electricity and Magnetism, and Digital Electronics.

Q3 – What are the jobs after BSc Physics?

A – Physicist, Assistant Professor, Radiologist Assistant, Quality Control Manager, Physics Lecturer, Research Scientist, Research Associate, Technician, Academic Counselor, etc.

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