BA Geography ( Hons.) Course 2024: Syllabus and Subjects list, Details

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Looking for the BA in Geography subjects list and syllabus, course details?

Here you will get all the details for BA Geography like subjects list, syllabus, course details, fees, admission process, salary, eligibility criteria, job profile, etc.

If you are interested in writing, reading, analyzing then BA in Geography is one of the best courses for you.

BA Geography, course details, syllabus and subjects list

BA Geography Course Details

BA in Geography is 3 years ( 6 semesters ) undergraduate programs after the 12th class deals with human geography, and earth.

It is the study of lands, phenomena of earth, earth movements, climate, inhabitants, geographic processes, etc.

And it is also include the study of human geography, human psychology, relation between people and their environment.

Eligibility Criteria

12th class in any stream from a recognized board.

Students from any stream can take admission in bachelor of arts in Geography, no matter a student from a science background, commerce background, and arts background.

If you are a pass in 12th class you are eligible for a bachelor’s degree in Geography.

There are some colleges that want 50% marks and some colleges just want a pass class. And there are some colleges that have their own entrance exams.

If you want that you do a BA Geography directly without appearing in the entrance exam, then you have to appear on the 10th board merit list. So that you need not appear in the entrance exam.

Course Duration

3 Years ( 6 Semesters )

BA Geography is a regular, distance, and online 3 years course that includes 6 semesters.

Exam Type

Semester wise

Now almost every university takes exams on a semester basis.

There are 2 semesters in a year, each semester cover 50% syllabus of a year.

Therefore, according to the semester, there is only a 50% syllabus in the examination.

Admission Process

Direct / Merit Based / Entrance Exam

The admission process varies from university to university.

There are so many institutes that offer direct admission on basis of 12th marks obtained from a recognized board.

And there are many institutes that take an entrance exam and also conduct group discussions for admission.

Direct Admission

There are a lot of colleges in India that offer direct admission into a BA Geography course. They don’t demand any entrance test to crack to get admission in that particular college.

They just want the 12th class pass in any stream ( Arts, Commerce, and Science ) from a recognized board. You need not secure a minimum of 50% marks to get admission.

Generally, Private colleges offer direct admission to students.

All you just need to go to the college with the relevant documents, they will check it and you will get admission to any respective college.

Merit-Based Admission

There are many governments and private colleges that offer admission on merit-based into the Bachelor of Arts in a Geography course.

Generally, they conduct the online-based selection process so that they can give admission based on merit. Also in Offline mode.

You have to fill application form step by step –

Step 1 – Registration

You have to click the university’s website to complete the registration of which university you have selected.

Fill in all the details carefully as per the requirement.

Step 2 – Log in

After completing registration you will get a username and password, you can log in by using it for further process.

Step 3 – You have to fill the application form

In the third step, you have to fill in all the details like students’ name, father and mother name, education qualification, address, mobile number, email id, security pin, nationality, date of birth, gender, category, etc.

Be careful while filling application form because a sometimes small mistake can cancel your admission.

Step 4 – Upload images of relevant documents

After filling the application form you have to upload images of relevant documents such as mark sheets, caste certificate, living certificate, address proof id, and other required certificates.

Step 5 – Preview the profile

In the 5th step, you have to preview the application form to check any mistakes before clicking on final submission.

So that you can ensure about your application form.

Step 6 – Final Submission

When everything is filled you can click final submission to submit the application form.

Step 7 – Pay the application fees

You can complete the process by paying application fees ( If any )

Based on Entrance Exam

There are some reputed universities that demand entrance exams to take admission.

If you want to join the BA Geography course, you have to pass the entrance exam.

The entrance exam can be passed in two ways.

If you want, you can pass the national entrance exam or you can pass the entrance exam of any college.

Their selection process is the same as merit-based admission but you just have to add a score of the entrance exam.

Popular Entrance Exam

  • JNUEE – Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Examination
  • BHU UET – Banaras Hindu University Undergraduate Entrance Test
  • CUET – Christ University Entrance Test
  • GLAET – GLA University Entrance Test
  • JMI EE – Jamia Millia Islamia Entrance Exam
  • SET – Symbiosis Entrance Test
  • SUAT – Sharda University Admission Test
  • IPU CET – Guru Gobind Singh Indrapratha University Common Entrance Test

Course Fees

It is the charge students paid for their tuition classes in educational institutes for their education purpose.

Course fees depend upon the institute so they charge as per their demand.

BA Geography course fees vary from college to college as follows.

Rs. 5K – 30K as per institute or state ( Government )

Rs. 10K – 1Lakh as per institute or state ( Private )

The bigger the reputed college, the higher the fees they charge.


The salary depends upon the organization and what knowledge you have and it increases as per your experience, knowledge, performance, and skills.

As a fresher, you can expect 3 lakh – 6 lakh per annum

Why should I Join BA Geography ( Benefits )

  • It is a less expensive course.
  • We can join after 12th in stream.
  • You can get job both private as well as government organizations.
  • You can become techer, executive, editor, professor, writer, professor, lecturer,copywriter, journalist, technical writer, etc.
  • You can explore your career in fields like mass communication, journalism, hospitality, NRI, civil services, publishing creative writing, advertising, media reporting, marketing, teaching areas, research, etc.
  • You can gain knowledge about communication skills, trasnlation studies, creative writing, film studies, literature, critical thinking, literary skills, etc.

BA Geography Subjects List and Syllabus

The Geography covers the following chapters as per Delhi University

Semester 1


  • Geomorphology
  • Earth Movements
  • Geomorphic Processes
  • Evolution of Landforms
  • Applied Geomorphology

Cartographic Techniques(Practical)

  • Cartography
  • Map Projections
  • Profiles
  • Topographical Maps
  • . Weather Maps

Generic Elective Subjects

  • Disaster Management
  • Geography of Tourism and Pilgrimage

Semester 2

Human Geography

  • Human Geography
  • Population
  • Space and Society
  • Settlements
  • Population-Resource Relationships

Thematic Cartography (Practical)

  • Maps
  • Diagrammatic Data Presentation
  • Thematic Mapping Techniques
  • Cartographic Overlays
  • Thematic Maps

Generic Elective Subjects

  • Spatial Information Technology
  • Coupled Human and Environment System

Semester 3


  • Atmospheric Composition and Structure
  • Atmospheric Pressure and Winds
  • Atmospheric Moisture
  • Cyclones
  • Climatic Regions

Statistical Methods in Geography (Practical)

  • Use of Data in Geograph
  • Tabulation and Descriptive Statistics
  • Sampling
  • Theoretical Distribution
  • Correlation

Geography of India

  • Physical
  • Population
  • Regionalisation of India
  • Economic
  • Spatial Patterns of Industrial Development

Generic Elective Subjects

  • Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation
  • Rural Development

Semester 4

Economic Geography

  • Introduction to Global Economic System
  • Economic Theories
  • Primary Activities
  • Secondary Activities
  • Tertiary Activities

Environmental Geography

  • Introduction to Natural Resource and Environment
  • Ecosystem
  • Natural Resource
  • Environmental Issues in Tropical, Temperate and Polar Ecosystems

Fieldwork and Research Methodology (Practical)

  • Field Work In Geographical Studies
  • Data Collection
  • Field Techniques
  • Use of Field Tools
  • Designing the Field Report

Generic Elective Subjects

  • Industrial Development Sustainable
  • Resource Development

Semester 5

Regional Planning and Development

  • Definition of Region, Evolution
  • Types of Regional planning
  • Choice of a Region for Planning
  • Theories and Models for Regional Planning
  • Sustainable Development
  • Sustainable Development Policies and Programmes

Remote Sensing and GIS (Practical)

  • Remote Sensing and GIS
  • Aerial Photography and Satellite Remote Sensing
  • GIS Data Structures
  • Image Processing (Digital and Manual) and Data Analysis
  • Interpretation and Application of Remote Sensing and GIS

Discipline-Specific Elective Subjects – 1

  • Demography and Population Studies
  • Hydrology and Soil Studies

Discipline-Specific Elective Subjects – 2

  • Urbanization and Urban System
  • Agriculture and Food Security

Semester 6

. Evolution of Geographical Thought

  • Paradigms in Geography
  • Pre-Modern
  • Modern
  • Debates
  • Trends

Disaster Management based Project Work(Practical)

  • Introduction to Disaster Management
  • Flood and Drought
  • Cyclone and Hailstorms
  • Earthquake and Volcanoes
  • Landslides
  • Human Induced Disasters

Discipline-Specific Elective Subjects – 3

  • Geography of Health
  • Introduction to Political Geography

Discipline-Specific Elective Subjects – 4

  • Biogeography and Biodiversity
  • Geography of Social Wellbeing

Best Courses after Bachelor of Arts(BA)

1. MA

MA – Master of Arts

Master of Arts ( MA ) is one of the most popular and best post-graduation degree courses after BA in Geography.

You can become a master in economics, you will get knowledge of finance, management, and economics. It will help you a lot in day-to-day life.

2. MSW

2. MSW – Master of Social Work

Master of Social Work is the best post-graduation degree course after BA Geography or BSW ( Bachelor of Social Work ).

If you are interested in serving people who are below the poverty level, unemployed, alcoholism, drug abuse, old ages, and uneducated.

Then you must have to join this course.

If you want to educate society for a better life, want to make a good impact in someone’s life want to solve their problem, and many more, then the master of social work can best career option for you.

3. MBA

MBA – Master of Business Administration

It is also the most preferable professional course for BA students in the management, marketing, and finance field.

If want to do business then you must join MBA because it provides a lot of knowledge about how to do business.

Nowadays the MBA degree has become the most demanding course because of new start-ups, trends of doing business, and many more.

4. MFA

MFA – Master of Fine Arts

Master of Fine Arts is one of the best post-graduation degree courses after or BA in Geography.

If want to become an artist, master any performing arts like dance, music, drama & theater, film Making, etc.

Or master in visual arts like creative writing, painting, literature, photography, animation, graphic designing, applied arts calligraphy, textile design, printmaking, digital arts, etc.

Then you should go for an MFA ( Master of Fine Arts ) in your interested area.

5. MMC

MMC – Master of Mass Communication

Master of Mass Communication is one of the best courses after BA Geography for those who are interested in news anchoring, reporting, copywriting, etc.

There are several important specializations in bachelor of journalism and mass communication such as,

  • Television
  • Radio
  • News channel
  • Newspaper etc.

6. B.Ed

B.Ed – Bachelor of Education

It is the best course after BA Geography for those who want to become a teacher for government and private schools, the government, and a private college.

If you are interested to join the teaching field then you must join the bachelor of education course.

7. Digital Marketing

It is also the best course after BA Geography because digital marketing is on-trend these days.

Nowadays, Internet usage is increasing day by day

Generally, No need for any special qualification to learn digital marketing.

If you are in 6th, 10th, 12th, or graduate, you can start to learn digital marketing.

Digital marketing contains courses as follows.

BloggingAffiliate marketing
Social Media MarketingMobile Marketing
Web AnalyticsEmail Marketing
Sales funnelConvention rate optimization
Search Engine OptimizationContent Marketing

Career Scope in Government Organizations

You can also prepare for Government job exams such as.

UPSC( Union Public Service Commission ) Civil Services Exam for

  • IAS( Indian Administrative Service )
  • IPS( Indian Police Service)
  • IFS ( Indian Foreign Service).

Banking Exam for

  • Bank PO( Probationary  Officer )
  • Bank Clerk.

RRB Exam for – TC, Clerk

SSC Exam for

  • Income Tax Officer(CBDT)
  • Inspector(CBEC)
  • Assistant Audit Officer
  • Assistant in Ministry of external affairs(MEA)
  • Inspector(Central excise)(CBFC)
  • Inspector ( Preventive Officer )
  • Assistant Enforcement Officer(AEO) and many more.

And state government also provides so many best jobs for Class-1, Class-2 and Class-3 like

  • Dy. Section Officer
  • Dy. Mamlatdar
  • Junior Clerk, etc.

So the arts stream is very good you can choose for your bright future.

Top Colleges

  1. Christ University, Bangalore
  2. Daulat Ram College, New Delhi
  3. Chandigarh University, Chandigarh
  4. Indian Institute of Art and Design
  5. Presidency University, Kolkata
  6. Amity University, Gurugram
  7. Lady Shri Ram College for Women, New Delhi
  8. Shaheed Bhagat Singh College, New Delhi
  9. Hansraj College, New Delhi
  10. Miranda House, New Delhi

Read More –

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BA in Political Science Subjects list and Syllabus, Course Details

BA in Psychology(Hons.) Subjects list and Syllabus, Course Details


Q1 – What are the subjects in BA Geography first semester?

A – Geomorphology, Cartographic Techniques(Practical), Disaster Management, Geography of Tourism and Pilgrimage

Q2 – What are the best courses after BA in Geography?

A – There are some best courses after BA in Geography such as MA, MFA, MBA, Digital Marketing, MBA etc.

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