Arts Subjects in 12th Class: Courses, Jobs, Career Opportunities 2024

20 Min Read

Looking for the arts subjects list in 12th class, courses, career opportunities, jobs?

The arts stream is characterized by its focus on subjects related to humanities, social sciences, and creative fields.

The arts stream refers to the educational path that students can choose after successfully completing the 10th standard.

The 12th Arts stream is well-suited for students who have an interest in subjects such as literature, history, political science, economics, geography, sociology, philosophy, psychology, languages, fine arts, music, and other related fields.

Let’s explore the various subjects that are typically offered in the 12th-class arts stream, which can help you make informed choices.

Arts Subjects List in 12th Class

Arts Subjects List in 12th Class

The 12th arts stream offers a wide range of subjects, allowing students to explore various fields such as humanities, social science, fine arts, performing arts, and more.

The arts stream includes a mix of subjects, including languages, social science, and electives so this can provide a balanced and holistic education.

In the 12th arts stream, subjects like political science, sociology, and philosophy promote critical thinking and analytical thinking which are valuable in various professions.

Students typically have the flexibility to choose a combination of subjects based on their interests, attitudes, and future career goals.

The availability of subjects can vary so it’s important to check with your school or educational board for the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding the 12th arts stream subjects list.

List of Subjects in 12th Arts
  • English
  • History
  • Political Science
  • Sociology
  • Philosophy
  • Psychology
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Fine Arts
  • Sanskrit
  • Music
  • Dance
  • Home Science
  • Physical Education
  • Computer Science
  • Environmental Science

1. History

It is one of the best arts subjects in the 12th class. The 12th History is all about Indian history and it familiarizes with all the parts of Indian history in detail.

Part 1 – It is all about Harappan Archaeology, Political and Economic History, Social History using the Mahabharata, and the History of Buddhism – Sanchi stupa.

Part 2 – The second one includes Agrarian relations – The Ain – i – Akbari, The Mughal  Court, The new architecture- Hampi, Religious Histories – The Bhakti-Sufi tradition, Medieval society through traveler’s account.

Part 3 –  And the last part is all about Colonialism and rural society, Representation of 1857, Colonialism and Indian Towns – Town plans and Municipal Reports, Mahatma Gandhi through Contemporary Eyes, Partition through Oral Sources, and the making of Constitution.

Also Read –

Arts Subjects in Class 11th

2. Political Science

The 12th political Science is the best arts subjects in 12th class covers the world politics and Indian Politics since independence

1. Contemporary World Politics

” Cold war era” – Topics of this unit – Emergence of two power blocs after the second world war, challenges of bipolarity, India and the cold war.

“The end of bipolarity” – It is all about new entities in world politics – Russia, Balkan State and central Asian states, Introduction of democratic politics, India’s relationship with Russia and other post-communist countries.

“US Hegemony in world politics” – It is all about the growth of unilateralism – Afghanistan, the first gulf war, response to 9/11 and attack on Iraq, India’s renegotiation of its with the USA.

“Alternative centers of power” – It covers topics like Rising of China as an economic power in post-maoera, creation and expansion of the European Union, ASEAN. India’s relations with China.

“Contemporary South Asia in the post-cold war era” – It is all about Democratisation in Pakistan and Nepal. Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, India’s relations with its neighbors.

“International organizations” – It is all about restructuring and the future of the UN. India’s position in the restructured UN. India’s relations with its neighbours.

“Security in the contemporary world” – It includes traditional concerns of security and politics of disarmament. Human security- global poverty, health and education. Issues of human rights and migration.

“Environment and the natural resources” – It is all about environment movement and the evolution of global environmental norms. Conflicts over traditional and common poverty resources. India’s stand-in global environmental debates.

“Globalization” – This unit covers topics like Economic, cultural and political manifestations. Debates on the nature of the consequences of globalization. India is an arena of globalization and struggles against it.

2. Politics in India since independence

“Challenges of nation-building” – This unit includes information about Nehru’s approach to nation-building – the legacy of partition, challenges of refugee, resettlement, the Kashmir problem.

“The era of one-party dominance” – It is all about the general elections at the national level and state level, opposition parties.

“Politics of planned development” – It includes information about five-year plans, expansion of the state sector and the rise of new economic interest. Green revolution and its political fallouts.

“India’s external relations” – It covers Nehru’s foreign policy, Sino Indian war 1962, the Indo-Pak war of 1965 and 1971. Nuclear program and shifting alliance in world politics. 

“Challenges to the congress system” – This unit covers political succession after Nehru. Non-congressism and electoral upset of 1965, congress victory in 1971 elections, politics of ‘garibi hatao’.

“Crisis of the democratic order” – This covers topics like committed, bureaucracy, and judiciary. Navnirman movement in Gujarat and the Bihar movement. Emergency, context, resistance to the emergency.

“Rise of a popular movement” – This unit covers topics like Farmer’s movement, women’s movement, Environment and development-affected people’s movements.

“Regional aspirations” – It is all about the Rise of regional parties, Punjab crisis and the anti-Sikh riots of 1984. The Kashmir situation. challenges and responses in the North East.

“The recent development in Indian politics” – This unit covers information about Indian politics Participatory upsurge in the 1990s. Rise of the JD and the BJP. The increasing role of regional parties. NDA ( 1998-2004 ), UPA ( 2004-2014 ), NDA ( 2014 onwards ).

Also Read –

Highest Paying Jobs in India

3. sociology

The 12th Sociology is the best subject in arts subjects in 12th class and it covers all about Indian Society and Changes and Development of Indian society

1. Indian Society 

“Introduction of Indian Society” –  In introduction covers colonialism, nationalism, class and community.

“The demographic structure of Indian society” – (1) Theories and concepts of demography. (2) Rural-Urban linkages and divisions. 

“Social institutions-continuity and change” – This unit includes The case system, tribal communities, family and kinship.

“Market as a social institution” – It covers sociological perspective on markets and the economy, Globalization- interlinking of local, regional, national, and international markets.  

“The pattern of social inequality and exclusion” – This unit includes social inequality and exclusion, caste prejudice, scheduled caste and other backward classes, Adivasi struggle, women inequality, etc.

“Challenges of cultural diversity” –  It focuses on cultural communities and the nation-state, problems of regionalism, communalism, secularism, state and civil society.

2. Change and development in Indian Society 

 “Structural change” – It Covers some topics like colonialism, industrialism, and urbanization.

“Cultural change” – It includes social reform movement and laws, social changes like Sanskritisation, Westernization, modernization and Secularization.

“The story of Indian democracy” – This unit covers the constitution as an instrument of social change, Panchayati raj and the challenges of social transformation and political parties.

“Change and development in rural society” – The topics are land reforms, green revolution and emerging agrarian society, Agrgian structure, transformation in India, globalization, liberalization and rural society.

“Change and development in industrial society” – Industrial society includes from planned industrialization to liberalization, getting a job, work processes etc. 

“Globalization and social change” – This unit is all about the dimensions of globalization.

“Mass media and communication”- Mass media like radio, television, print media etc. Changing the nature of mass media.

“Social movement” – It mainly includes theories and classification of social movements and environmental movements. 

Also Read –

Best Computer Courses for Job

4. Economics

Economics is one of the best subjects in arts subjects in 12th class and it covers some important units and topics.

1. Introduction of Microeconomics – This topic includes an

“Introduction” – Definition of microeconomics and macroeconomics – positive and normative economics. 

“Consumer’s equilibrium and demand” – This unit includes some topics like a utility, marginal utility, law of diminishing marginal utility, condition of consumer’s equilibrium.

Market demand, determinants of demand, demand schedule, demand curve and its slope, price electricity of demand.

“Producer behavior and supply” – Production function – Short-run and Long-run. Cost; short-run cost, total cost, total fixed cost, the total variable cost, average cost, average fixed cost, marginal cost. 

Producer’s equilibrium – market supply, determinants of supply, supply schedule, supply curve and its slope, measurement of price of supply-percentage changed method.

Forms of market and price determination under perfect competition with simple applications. 

2. introduction of Macroeconomics – In this topic, you will learn about

“National income and related aggregates” – Includes some basic concepts like consumer goods, capital goods, final goods, intermediate goods, etc.

Circular flow of income – methods of calculating national income.

Aggregates related to national income – gross national product, net national product, gross and net domestic product, etc. 

“Money and Banking” – This unit covers Money – meaning and supply of money, money creation by the commercial banking system, central banks and its functions  – bank of issue, govt. bank, banker’s bank, repo rate and reserve repo rate etc.

“Determination of Income and employment” – Topics of this unit aggregate demand and its components, propensity to consume and propensity to save, short-run equilibrium output.

“Government budget and the economy” – It is all about government budget, classification of receipts and measures of government deficit.

“Balance of payment” – It covers topics are the balance of payments account – meaning and components, foreign exchange rate, determination of exchange rate in a free market.

 Also Read –

Highest Paying Government Jobs in India

5. Geography

12th Geography is all about studies of physical and human environments and their interaction at the different regions, nations, and the world. 

 1. Fundamentals of Human Geography- This topic  mainly covers

“Human geography” –  This unit is all about nature and scope.

“People” – It includes population – distribution, density and growth. Population composition – age-sex ratio, rural-urban and Human development.

“Human activities” – There are mainly four activities primary activities concepts and changing trends, secondary activities – the concept is manufacturing, tertiary activities – trade, transport and tourism, quaternary activities – the concept is a case study from selected countries.

“Transports, communication and trade” – It includes Transport – land, water and air transport. Satellite communication and cyberspace- GPS, International trades etc.

“Human settlements” – There are various types of human settlements base on their conditions such as rural and urban, the morphology of cities, distribution of megacities.

2. People and Economy – This topic focuses on

“People” – This unit includes population – distribution, density and growth. Population composition – age-sex ratio, rural-urban, migration – international national causes and consequences and Human development.

“Human settlements” – There are two types of human settlements rural and urban settlements.

“Resources and Development” – This unit covers topics like land resources, water resources, mineral and energy resources, industries and planning in India.

“Transport, Communication and International trade” – 

Transports- roads, railways, waterways and airways.

Communication – geographical information and communication networks.

International trades – changes pattern of India’s trade.

“Geographical perspective on selected issues and problems” – It covers some topics like environmental pollution, urbanization, rural-urban migration and land degradation.

Also Read –

Best Computer Courses after 12th Class

6. Psychology

Psychology is the best arts subjects in 12th class and it is all about human minds and their functions, human behaviors and mental characteristics of human beings.

There are some important topics covered in Psychology such as.

“Variations in Psychological Attributes” – The topics are individual differences in human functioning, assessment of psychological attributes, intelligence, psychometric theories of intelligence, information processing theory, cultural and intelligence, emotional intelligence, special attributes –  attitude, nature etc.

” Self and Personality” – This unit covers topics like self and personality, concept of self, cognitive and behavioral aspects of self, culture and self, the concept of personality and also includes some major approaches and assessments of personality.

“Meeting life challenges” – The of this unit nature, types and source of stress, effects – stress and health, general adaptation syndrome, stress and immune system, lifestyle, life skills etc.

“Psychological disorders” – It covers topics like concepts of abnormality and psychological disorders, and some major psychological disorders anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive, trauma and stressor, somatic symptom, dissociative and depressive disorders, feeding and eating disorders etc.

“Therapeutic approaches” – The unit Therapeutic approaches topics are types of therapies – psychodynamic therapy, behaviour therapy, cognitive therapy, humanistic-existential therapy, biomedical therapy and alternative therapy.

” Attitude and social cognition” – The topics of attitude and social cognition are Explaining social behaviour, Attitude formation, attitude changes, attitude behaviour relationship, Social cognition- schemas and stereotypes, impression formation, attribution of causality and pro-social behavior.

“Social influence and group processes” – In this unit cover topics are nature and formation of groups, group types, social loafing, group polarisation, conformity, compliance and obedience, social identity, intergroup conflict etc.

“Psychology and life” – This covers topics are Human and environmental relationships, human influence on the environment- noise, pollution, crowding and natural disaster, psychology and social concerns.

“Developing psychological skills” – It covers topics like developing as an effective psychologist, general skills, observational skills, communication skills, psychological testing skills, interviewing skills, and counseling skills.

Career Opportunities after 12th Arts

1. Education and Teaching

Choosing a career in education and teaching can be fulfilling and rewarding if you have a passion for education and a desire to make a positive impact on others.

You can find career opportunities as a school teacher, private tutor, education counselor, museum educator, curriculum developer, college professor, art instructor, physical education instructor, and more.

2. Creative Arts

Choosing a career in creative arts allows you to blend your interests with your professions, creating a life and work experience that reflects your passions.

This involves career opportunities such as fine artists, graphic designers, animators, fashion designers, photographers, interior designers, video game designers, creative directors, makeup artists, voice actors, and more.

3. Social Sciences and Humanities

Social sciences and humanities can provide a rich and rewarding academic and professional journey for those who are passionate about understanding and contributing to the human experience.

Career opportunities in social sciences and humanities include historian, archivist, sociologist, anthropologist, museum creator, social worker, philosopher, ethics consultant, economist, financial analyst, clinical psychologist, and more.

4. Government and Civil Services

5. Communication and Media

6. Fine Arts and Performing Arts


Q1 – What are the subjects for the arts?

There are several subjects in arts stream like History, Sociology, Psychology, Geography, English, Philosophy, Economics, Hindi, Music and other Regional language subjects as per state.

Q2- What are the jobs in the arts?

There are lots of interesting jobs related to arts you can go for that such as Arts director, Fashion Designer, Painter, Animator, Illustrator, Web Designer, Photographer, Game Designer, Music Director, Dance Teacher, Production Manager etc.

Q3 – What are the best subjects in the arts?

In my opinion, all the subjects are best and it depends upon our interest so you have to choose your favorite subject from arts subjects – History, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, Economics, English etc.

Q4 – Which study is best after the 12th arts?

After 12th arts, you have a lot of opportunities to study such as – Bachelor of Arts ( BA ), Bachelor of social works ( BSW ), Bachelor of fine arts ( BFA ), Bachelor of management science ( BMS ), Bachelor of business administration ( BBA ), Bachelor of hotel management ( BHM ), Bachelor of event management etc.

Q5 -Can I do a diploma after 12th arts?

Yes, absolutely you can do diploma courses after 12th arts. There are short-term courses available like Graphic Designing, Animation and VFX, Photography, and many more.

Share This Article
Leave a comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *