Arts Subjects List for 11th and 12th Class 2024

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Looking for the Arts Subjects List for 11th and 12th class?

Arts Stream is the best stream for those who are interested in readings, writing, analysis.

There are several important arts subjects like History, Geography, English, Political Science, etc.

Arts subjects in 11th and 12th class

There are a lot of benefits to selecting the arts stream as the main subject after 10th for study ahead.

For example, increasing general knowledge.

Which is important in preparing, UPSC Civil Services Exams for IAS, IPS, IFS and for  other Government Jobs Exams, etc

There are several subjects in Arts Stream such as History, English, Political Science, Geography, Economics, Psychology, Sociology, Philosophy, and other regional languages like Hindi.  

Arts Subject list with complete details

11th Class

1. History

It is one of the best subjects in the Arts Subjects List and it includes everything about past history.

arts subject

It is a very interesting subject you will get to know about past events and processes.

Introduction  to  World History

1.  Early Societies

“From the beginning of time”

In this topic, you will know from the beginning of time it mainly focuses on Africa and Europe, views on the origin of human beings.

“Early Cities”

It includes the growth of a town, nature of early urban beings.

2.  Empires

“An Empire across three continents”

  • This topic focuses on the Roman Empire and period between 27 BCE to 600 CE and covers Political evolution
  • Economic expansion
  • Relijio-culture foundation
  • Late antiquity.

“Central Islamic Lands”

In this topic, you will get to know about Polity, Economy, Culture, and focuses period between the 7th to 12th centuries.

“Nomadic Empires”

Focuses on The Mongol, 13th to 14 centuries and covers nomadic societies and states.

3.  Changing Tradition

“Three Orders”

This topic mainly focuses on Western Europe, the period between the 13-16th century and covers the decline of feudalism.

“Changing Cultural Traditions”

This is the time between 14-17th century, focuses on Europe, and covers the validity of the nations ” European Renaissance “

“The confrontation of Cultures”

Focus on America, 15-18th century and covers the slave trade.

4.  Paths of Modernization

“The Industrial Revolution”

It mainly Focuses on England, the 18-19th century and includes the industrial revolution.

“Displacing Indigenous People”

This topic mainly focuses on Australia and North America, and the century is between 18-20th.

It is about the impact of European settlement on the indigenous population.

“Paths of Modernization”

It focuses on East Asia, the late 19-20th century and the debates on the meaning of modernization.

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2. Political Science

Political Science is one of the best subjects in arts subjects in class 11th for those who are interested to learn about the constitution and political processes.

If you want to in politics then this subject can prove the best for and for your bright future.

As per NCERT

Arts Subjects in Class 11

1. Indian Constitution at Work

This section includes the Philosophy of the constitution and why and how the constitution.

“Rights in the constitution”

The importance and fundamentals of rights in the Indian constitution.


Democracy and Election system in India

“The Executive” 

It includes Executives like Parliamentary executive in India, permanent executive-Bureaucracy, Prime minister, the council of ministers.  

“The Legislature” 

In the legislature, you will learn about two houses parliament, parliamentary committees, control over the executive, function and power of the parliament.

“Local Governments”

It includes the growth of India and the implementation of 73rd and 74th Amendments.


About federalism in the Indian constitution and federalism with a strong central government.

“The Judiciary”

Structure of the judiciary and its activism, and it covers other topics like rights, parliament, and the judiciary.

Constitution as a living document.

2. Political Theory

” Equality”

How to define and promote equality, its significance, various dimensions. 


What are the rights and responsibilities, legal rights and types of rights.


In the freedom includes the ideal of freedom, negative and positive liberty, harm principles.


Two types of citizenship Global citizenship and Universal citizenship. 


It includes nations, pluralism, and nationalism, national self-determination.


Secular State, Western and Indian approaches about secularism. Criticisms and rationale of Indian secularism.


Different approaches to the pursuit of peace and present time challenges to peace.

“Social justice”

pursue social justice, justice as fairness.


What about development, model and alternative concepts of development.

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3. Sociology

Sociology is the best subject in arts subjects in class 11 and it describes the study of society, family, caste, religion, etc.

Arts Subjects in Class 11

1. Introduction of Sociology

The introduction includes Sociology, Society and its relationship with other social sciences

“terms, concepts and their use in sociology”

This unit includes topics like social groups and society, social stratification, status and role, social control, etc.

“Understanding of social instrumentations”

It includes some topics like family, marriage and kinship, work and economic life, political institutions, religion and education as a social institution.

“Culture, and socialization”

This unit includes defining culture, the dimension of culture, agencies of socialization.

“Doing sociology: research methods”

The topics are objectivity and subjectivity, participant observation and survey methods, the significance of the fieldwork in anthropology and sociology.

2. Understanding Society

This unit includes topics like Social structure, Stratification and social processes in society, social processes: cooperation, competition, conflict.

“Social change, and social order in rural and urban society”

Social changes – types, causes, and consequences. Social orders – domination, authority and law.

“Environment and society”

The topics are ecology and society, environmental crises and responses, sustainable development.

“Introducing western sociologists”

The topics are the context of sociology, class conflict, division of labour, max weber. 

“Indian sociologists”

It covers some topics like caste and race, tradition and change, state and village.

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4. Economics

It is the best subject in the arts subjects in class 11th.

It covers some basic economic concepts and development of economic reasoning and also covers the study production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

arts subjects in class 11

1. Introduction of Microeconomics – this topic covers

“Introduction” – 

Definition of microeconomics and macroeconomics – positive and normative economics. 

“Consumer’s equilibrium and demand”

This unit includes some topics like a utility, marginal utility, law of diminishing marginal utility, condition of consumer’s equilibrium.

Market demand, determinants of demand, demand schedule, demand curve and its slope, price electricity of demand.

“Producer behavior and supply”

Production function – Short-run and Long-run. Cost; short-run cost, total cost, total fixed cost, the total variable cost, average cost, average fixed cost, marginal cost. 

Producer’s equilibrium –

Market supply, determinants of supply, supply schedule, supply curve and its slope, measurement of price of supply-percentage changed method.

Forms of market and price determination under perfect competition with simple applications. 

2. Statistics of economics – This topic covers

“Introduction” – 

Meaning, function, scope and importance of statistics in economics.

“Collection, Organization, and presentation of data” 

Collection data –

Primary and secondary data, sampling and non-sampling errors, methods of collecting data, some important secondary data, national sample survey organization.

Organization of data –

Types and meaning of variables, frequency distribution.

Presentation of data –

Diagrammatic and Tabular presentation of data, 1. Geometric forms, 2. Frequency diagram, 3. Arithmetic line graphs.

“Statistical tools and interpretation”- 

This unit covers topics like measures of tendency, correlation, measures of dispersion, introduction to an index number, etc.

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5. Geography

Geography is one of the best subjects in the arts subjects in class 11th it includes the relation between people and their environment.

arts subjects in class 11

1. Fundamentals of Physical Geography  

“geography as a discipline” – 

This unit covers geography as an integrating discipline, Physical and human geography.

“The earth” – 

This unit is all about the origin and evolution of the earth, Wegener’s continental drift and plate tectonics, earthquakes and volcanoes, etc.

“Landforms” – 

It includes rocks and geomorphic processes like weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition, soil-formation, landforms and their evolution. 

“Climate” – 

It is all about the Atmosphere- composition and structure, Insulation, pressure- pressure belts, precipitation, climate and global concerns.

“Water(Oceans)” –

In this unit, you will know about the basics of oceanography, ocean resources and pollution, movements of water waves, ocean – distribution of temperature and salinity.

” Life on the earth” – 

It is about the Biosphere – the importance of plants and other organisms, conservation and biodiversity, ecosystem and ecological balance.

2. India-Physical Environment

” introduction” –

In introduction contains Location, space relations and India’s place in the world.

“Physiography” –

This unit includes topics such as structure and relief – physiographic divisions, Drainage system – concepts of river basins, watershed, etc.

“Climate vegetation and soil” – 

It covers some topics like weather and climate – spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon.

Natural vegetation –

Forest types and distribution, wildlife, conservation, etc.

Soils –

Types of soils and its distribution, soil degradation and conservation.

“Natural hazards and disasters” – 

The unit of this subject include flood, droughts, earthquakes, cyclones and landslides.

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6. Psychology

Psychology includes the study of experiences, behaviors, minds, and mental processes of human beings.

arts subjects in class 11

There are some main topics in psychology that you will learn such as.

“Introduction of Psychology” –

The introduction covers

  • Understanding mind and behavior
  • Development of psychology in India
  • The evolution of psychology
  • Branches of psychology
  • Themes of research and applications of psychology, etc.

“Methods of inquiry in psychology” –

There are some important methods in psychology like

  • The observational method
  • Experimental method,
  • Correlational research
  • Survey research
  • Psychological testing
  • Case study

Some methods for analyzing data like quantitive and qualitative methods.

“The bases of human behavior” –

This unit covers some important topics like evolutionary perspective, biological and cultural roots, biological basis of behavior-neurons, heredity: genes and behavior, enculturation

 “Human development” – 

Life-span perspective on the development, some topics on development overview – prenatal stage, infancy, childhood, challenges of adolescence, adulthood and old age. 

“Sensory, Attentional and Learning” – 

Two types of sense modalities- visual sensation, auditory sensation. Attention processes- selective and sustained attention. Processing approaches in perception. 

“Human Memory” – 

This unit includes some topics like the nature of memory, Memory system- sensory, short term and long term memories. Nature and causes of forgetting, enhancing memory.

“Learning” – 

Learning is an important unit and you will learn about the nature of learning, observational learning, cognitive learning, verbal learning, concept learning, skill learning, transfer of learning. 

“Thinking” – 

This unit includes topics like the nature of thinking, problem-solving, reasoning, decision making, nature and process of creative thinking.

“Motivation and Emotion” – 

It includes the nature of motivation, biological and psychosocial motives.

The Nature of emotions, physiological emotions, cognitive-bases of emotions, cultural bases of emotions, managing negative emotions, enhancing positive emotions.

Arts Subjects in 12th 

1. History

It is one of the best arts subjects in 12th class.

arts subjects in 12th

The 12th History is all about India history.

it familiarizes with all the parts of Indian history in detail.

Part 1 –

It is all about Harappan Archaeology, Political and Economic History, Social History using the Mahabharata, and the History of Buddhism – Sanchi stupa.

Part 2 – 

  • The second one includes Agragian relations – The Ain – i – Akbari
  • The Mughal  Court
  • The new architecture- Hampi
  • Religious Histories – The Bhakti-Sufi tradition
  • Medieval society through traveler’s account.

Part 3 – 

  • And the last part is all about Colonialism and rural society
  • Representation of 1857
  • Colonialism and Indian Towns – Town plans and Municipal Reports
  • Mahatma Gandhi through Contemporary Eyes
  • Partition through Oral Sources
  • The making of Constitution.

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2. Political Science

The 12th political Science is the best arts subjects in 12th class covers the world politics and Indian Politics since independence

Arts Subjects in 12th

1. Contemporary World Politics

” Cold war era” – 

  • Topics of this unit – Emergence of two power blocs after the second world war
  • Challenges of bipolarity
  • India and the cold war.

“The end of bipolarity” –

It is all about

  • New entities in world politics – Russia
  • Balkan State and central Asian states
  • Introduction of democratic politics
  • India’s relationship with Russia and other post-communist countries.

“US Hegemony in world politics” – 

It is all about the growth of unilateralism – Afghanistan, the first gulf war, response to 9/11 and attack on Iraq, India’s renegotiation of its with the USA.

“Alternative centers of power” – 

It covers topics like the Rising of China as an economic power in post-maoera, creation and expansion of the European Union, ASEAN.

India’s relations with China.

“Contemporary South Asia in the post-cold war era” – 

It is all about Democratisation in Pakistan and Nepal. Ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, India’s relations with its neighbours.

“International organizations” – 

It is all about restructuring and the future of the UN. India’s position in the restructured UN. India’s relations with its neighbours.

“Security in the contemporary world” – 

It includes traditional concerns of security and politics of disarmament. Human security- global poverty, health and education.

Issues of human rights and migration.

“Environment and the natural resources” – 

It is all about environment movement and the evolution of global environmental norms.

Conflicts over traditional and common poverty resources.

India’s stand-in global environmental debates.

“Globalization” –

This unit covers topics like Economic, cultural and political manifestations.

Debates on the nature of the consequences of globalization.

India as an arena of globalization and struggle against it.

2. Politics in India since independence

“Challenges of nation-building” – 

This unit includes information about Nehru’s approach to nation-building – the legacy of partition, challenges of refugees, resettlement, the Kashmir problem.

“The era of one-party dominance” – 

It is all about the general elections at the national level and state level, opposition parties.

“Politics of planned development” – 

It includes information about five-year plans, expansion of the state sector and the rise of new economic interest. Green revolution and its political fallouts.

“India’s external relations” – 

It covers Nehru’s foreign policy, Sino Indian war of 1962, the Indo-Pak war of 1965 and 1971. Nuclear program and shifting alliance in world politics. 

“Challenges to the congress system” –

This unit covers political succession after Nehru. Non-congresses and electoral upset of 1965, congress victory in 1971 elections, politics of ‘garibi hatao’.

“Crisis of the democratic order” – 

This covers topics like committed, bureaucracy, and judiciary.

Navnirman movement in Gujarat and the Bihar movement.

Emergency, context, resistance to the emergency.

“Rise of a popular movement” – 

This unit covers topics like Farmer’s movement, women’s movement, Environment and development-affected people’s movements.

“Regional aspirations” – 

It is all about Rise of regional parties, Punjab crisis and the anti-Sikh riots of 1984.

The Kashmir situation.

challenges and responses in the North East.

“The recent development in Indian politics” –

This unit covers information about Indian politics Participatory upsurge in the 1990s.

Rise of the JD and the BJP.

The increasing role of regional parties.

NDA ( 1998-2004 ), UPA ( 2004-2014 ), NDA ( 2014 onwards ).

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3. sociology

The 12th Sociology is the best subject in arts subjects in 12th class and it covers all about Indian Society and Changes and Development of Indian society

Arts Subjects in 12th

1. Indian Society 

“Introduction of Indian Society” –  In introduction covers colonialism, nationalism, class and community.

“The demographic structure of Indian society” – (1) Theories and concepts of demography. (2) Rural-Urban linkages and divisions. 

“Social institutions-continuity and change” – This unit includes The case system, tribal communities, family and kinship.

“Market as a social institution” – It covers sociological perspective on markets and the economy, Globalization- interlinking of local, regional, national, and international markets.  

“The pattern of social inequality and exclusion” – This unit includes social inequality and exclusion, caste prejudice, scheduled caste and other backward classes, Adivasi struggle, women inequality, etc.

“Challenges of cultural diversity” –  It focuses on cultural communities and the nation-state, problems of regionalism, communalism, secularism, state and civil society.

2. Change and development in Indian Society –

 “Structural change” – It Covers some topics like colonialism, industrialism, and urbanization.

“Cultural change” – It includes social reform movement and laws, social changes like Sanskritisation, Westernization, modernization and Secularization.

“The story of Indian democracy” – This unit covers the constitution as an instrument of social change, Panchayati raj and the challenges of social transformation and political parties.

“Change and development in rural society” – The topics are land reforms, green revolution and emerging agrarian society, Agrgian structure, transformation in India, globalization, liberalization and rural society.

“Change and development in industrial society” – Industrial society includes from planned industrialization to liberalization, getting a job, work processes etc. 

“Globalization and social change” – This unit is all about dimensions of globalization.

“Mass media and communication”- Mass media like radio, television, print media etc. Changing the nature of mass media.

“Social movement” – It mainly includes theories and classification of social movements and environmental movements.

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4. Economics

Economics is one of the best subjects in arts subjects in 12th class and it covers some important units and topics.

Arts Subjects in 12th

1. Introduction of Microeconomics – This topic includes an

“Introduction” – Definition of microeconomics and macroeconomics – positive and normative economics. 

“Consumer’s equilibrium and demand” – This unit includes some topics like a utility, marginal utility, law of diminishing marginal utility, condition of consumer’s equilibrium.

Market demand, determinants of demand, demand schedule, demand curve and its slope, price electricity of demand.

“Producer behavior and supply” – Production function – Short-run and Long-run. Cost; short-run cost, total cost, total fixed cost, the total variable cost, average cost, average fixed cost, marginal cost. 

Producer’s equilibrium – market supply, determinants of supply, supply schedule, supply curve and its slope, measurement of price of supply-percentage changed method.

Forms of market and price determination under perfect competition with simple applications. 

2. introduction of Macroeconomics – In this topic, you will learn about

“National income and related aggregates” – Includes some basic concepts like consumption goods, capital goods, final goods, intermediate goods, etc.

Circular flow of income – methods of calculating national income.

Aggregates related to national income – gross national product, net national product, gross and net domestic product, etc. 

“Money and Banking” – This unit covers Money – meaning and supply of money, money creation by the commercial banking system, central banks and its functions  – bank of issue, govt. bank, banker’s bank, repo rate and reserve repo rate etc.

“Determination of Income and employment” – Topics of this unit aggregate demand and its components, propensity to consume and propensity to save, short-run equilibrium output.

“Government budget and the economy” – It is all about government budget, classification of receipts and measures of government deficit.

“Balance of payment” – It covers topics are the balance of payments account – meaning and components, foreign exchange rate, determination of exchange rate in a free market. 

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5. Geography

12th Geography is all about studies of physical and human environments and their interaction at the different regions, nations, and the world. 

Arts Subjects in 12th

1. Fundamentals of Human Geography – This topic  mainly covers

“Human geography” –  This unit is all about nature and scope.

“People” – It includes population – distribution, density and growth. Population composition – age-sex ratio, rural-urban and Human development.

“Human activities” – There are mainly four activities primary activities concepts and changing trends, secondary activities – the concept is manufacturing, tertiary activities – trade, transport and tourism, quaternary activities – the concept is a case study from selected countries.

“Transports, communication and trade” – It includes Transport – land, water and air transport. Satellite communication and cyberspace- GPS, International trades etc.

“Human settlements” – There are various types of human settlements base on their conditions such as rural and urban, the morphology of cities, distribution of megacities.

2. People and Economy – This topic focuses on

“People” – This unit includes population – distribution, density and growth. Population composition – age-sex ratio, rural-urban, migration – international national causes and consequences and Human development.

“Human settlements” – There are two types of human settlements rural and urban settlements.

“Resources and Development” – This unit covers topics like land resources, water resources, mineral and energy resources, industries and planning in India.

“Transport, Communication and International trade” – 

Transports- roads, railways, waterways and airways.

Communication – geographical information and communication networks.

International trades – changes pattern of India’s trade.

“Geographical perspective on selected issues and problems” – It covers some topics like environmental pollution, urbanization, rural-urban migration and land degradation.

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6. Psychology

Psychology is the best arts subjects in 12th class and it is all about human minds and their functions, human behaviors and mental characteristics of human beings.

Arts Subjects in 12th

There are some important topics covered in Psychology such as.

“Variations in Psychological Attributes” – The topics are individual differences in human functioning, assessment of psychological attributes, intelligence, psychometric theories of intelligence, information processing theory, cultural and intelligence, emotional intelligence, special attributes –  attitude, nature etc.

” Self and Personality” – This unit covers topics like self and personality, concept of self, cognitive and behavioral aspects of self, culture and self, the concept of personality and also includes some major approaches and assessments of personality.

“Meeting life challenges” – The of this unit nature, types and source of stress, effects – stress and health, general adaptation syndrome, stress and immune system, lifestyle, life skills etc.

“Psychological disorders” – It covers topics like concepts of abnormality and psychological disorders, and some major psychological disorders anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive, trauma and stressor, somatic symptom, dissociative and depressive disorders, feeding and eating disorders etc.

“Therapeutic approaches” – The unit Therapeutic approaches topics are types of therapies – psychodynamic therapy, behaviour therapy, cognitive therapy, humanistic-existential therapy, biomedical therapy and alternative therapy.

” Attitude and social cognition” – The topics of attitude and social cognition are Explaining social behaviour, Attitude formation, attitude changes, attitude behaviour relationship, Social cognition- schemas and stereotypes, impression formation, attribution of causality and pro-social behaviour.

“Social influence and group processes” – In this unit cover topics are nature and formation of groups, group types, social loafing, group polarisation, conformity, compliance and obedience, social identity, intergroup conflict etc.

“Psychology and life” – This covers topics are Human and environmental relationships, human influence on the environment- noise, pollution, crowding and natural disaster, psychology and social concerns.

“Developing psychological skills” – It covers topics like developing as an effective psychologist, general skills, observational skills, communication skills, psychological testing skills, interviewing skills and counselling skills.


Q1 – How many subjects are there in 11th arts?

A – History, Geography, English, Political Science, Sociology, Hindi, Psychology etc.

Q2 – Which stream is best for IAS?

A – Arts Stream is the best stream for IAS because of Arts Stream covers more syllabus for IAS than other streams.

Q2 – Which stream is best?

A – Every Stream is the best it is all about our interest – Arts, Commerce, Science and short term courses.

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